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Top tips in reducing your expenses bill

22nd Feb 2013
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International expenses management specialist Concur has released a series of myth-busting whitepapers for businesses that need advice about expenses. This digest for our Business Tax Library summarises some of the key points.

According to Concur, the most common expenses ‘hotspots’ in the UK are driven by HMRC’s risk-based approach to compliance which focuses on areas where companies are least likely to pay the correct amount of tax.

“Focus groups within HMRC exist to concentrate on these areas, to support companies of all sizes in their tax paying efforts. The smaller the business, the less likely there will be an expert on specific tax areas within the organisation,” said Matt Lewis, director of compliance at Concur.

This article highlights the myths that have grown up around what’s claimable on expenses in the UK and one of the most commonly asked about areas: travel expenses.

Myth: Paying expenses can supplement your salary

This is wrong, according to Concur, as expenses payments can only be tax-free if they meet HMRC’s ‘golden rule’: “An employee may deduct expenses incurred wholly, exclusively and necessarily in performing their duties.”

The wording is clear enough, but there are enough grey areas that the principle is regularly tested at tribunal.

Expenses payments to employees that don’t meet the wholly and exclusively rule should be reported to HMRC as part of their P11D.

Examples of potential tax-free expenses include travel, accommodation, protective clothing, training and charitable donations. Lewis explains: “Employee reimbursement is about what an employee has paid out for on behalf of the employer, in the performance of their duties, and these costs are reimbursable. Employee costs generally need to be receipted, but there should be no profit element; expenses reimbursement processes should not enable employees to make a profit.”

Myth: You must keep original paper receipts to meet HMRC requirements

You don’t necessarily need to do this, as VAT can be recovered without the original paper receipts. It’s also possible to collect digital and electronic image copies of the receipts.

However, they must be clearly legible, easily accessible, printable and not editable. It’s worth investing in a good digital process for submission and approval of receipts, as they can be audited this way.

Myth: all company cars are subject to taxation

There are two classes of company cars where you pay absolutely no tax: pool cars and disability cars, provided they meet certain conditions. HMRC looks on providing cars to employees with a disability as a generosity, although if it is subject to private use, must be reported to HMRC

Myth: You can pay any mileage allowances you want

You can do this, according to Concur, as long as you pay tax on it. Only Approved Mileage Allowance Payments (AMAP) are tax-exempt. These are payments a company makes to an employee for expenses related to the use of their own vehicle for journeys that form part of their work duties and journeys for their attendance at a temporary workplace. Standard mileage rates apply: currently it's 45p a mile for the first 10,000 business miles per vehicle, and then it drops to 25p for any subsequent mileage. AMAP only applies to one vehicle per person per year

Myth: You can reclaim VAT on all travel expenses

If you pay your employee a flat rate for travel and subsistence costs, you cannot reclaim all of the VAT. There are also strict guidelines in what constitutes as an employee for the purposes of VAT, too. You can reclaim VAT on people directly employed by you, including directors and the self-employed, but not on shareholders or pensioners.

    "VAT and tax on expenses isn’t usually the biggest cost or reclaimable benefit to your business, but if you have a robust process in place and can demonstrate to HMRC that you’re managing it then you increase the chances of being viewed as a low priority to be reviewed and audited, as your risk profile to HMRC can be significantly reduced," Lewis advises. 

    Myth: Complying with HMRC guidelines is all I need to do

    Not true, Concur argues, as this will only keep HMRC happy, not your bottom line. As a developer of expenses management systems, the company argues in favour of adopting a more pro-active travel expense policy to ensure your company is compliant and efficient.

    “Companies need to determine the level of spend that is required on business travel to achieve their business objectives, and this then presents them with the starting point to create guidelines on how the company spends its money on expenses,” says Lewis.

    For more expenses advice, see: 


    Replies (6)

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    By cfield
    25th Feb 2013 23:24

    Company cars


    There are two classes of company cars where you pay absolutely no tax: pool cars and disability cars, provided they meet certain conditions. HMRC looks on providing cars to employees with a disability as a generosity, although if it is subject to private use, must be reported to HMRC 


     I would technically disagree with this interpretation in 2 areas. Firstly, when is a "pool car" not a pool car? Answer - when it is only used by one employee or ordinarily used by one employee to the exclusion of others. This rules out any car that is used as a workhorse mainly by a particular individual whose job it may be to run errands or deliveries.

    However, such a car would still be exempt if it can be proved it was not available for anyone's private use, which usually means making sure the car is not taken home at night or at weekends. So just because it is not technically a pool car, that does not mean you cannot claim exemption for it, but you do need to be careful about its "availability".

    Secondly, disabled employees do not have a blanket exemption from the company car rules. True, they do enjoy certain concessions, such as home to work travel (provided the car has been adapted to their needs). Also, they are taxed on the value of the nearest manual equivalent if they can only drive an automatic car due to their disability.

    Otherwise, good article.


    Thanks (0)
    By James26
    12th Mar 2013 16:30


    I'd not heard "AMAP only applies to one vehicle per person per year." before reading this article.  Is this correct can someone point to the legislation that makes this operational?

    A lot of people are 2 car families so I imagine there are a number of people technically in breach if this is the case.  I don't think I've seen an expenses sytem that stops claims for more than one vehicle per employee per year.

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    By TaxMatters
    10th Jun 2013 12:26

    Company Cars

    Actually there are three classes of company cars where no tax is payable and it's a nice little argument for the taxman. Anybody know what it is?  (I'll give you the answer in 3 days time)

    Thanks (0)
    By pauljohnston
    10th Jun 2013 14:19

    AMAP and Tax Matters

    If an employee has 2 or more jobs (ie part time or change of employer during the year) AMAP applied to each employment (confirmed by HMRC)

    The third class of company car is I hope that which is never available for private use eg chauffeur driven company car

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    By TaxMatters
    11th Jun 2013 13:15


    Hi Paul - No it's not the black suited driver. He's probably a pool car but I'd have to look that one up. This one is a bit nichie but you can push some clients down this road. See you on Thursday - John

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    By TaxMatters
    13th Jun 2013 14:50


    It was a bit unfair really but a bit of fun is allowed. The answer is Emergency response vehicles! I'm having some tribulations trying to persuade the Revenue that they should allow my client this perq. Needless to say they are being a little stubborn. I'll keep anyone posted if they are interested. All the best  John

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